Quick and easy SSH key installation.

Dec 27 2017

I know I haven't posted much this month.  The holiday season is in full effect and life, as I'm sure you know, has been crazy.  I wanted to take the time to throw a quick tip up that I just found out about which, if nothing else, will make it easier to get up and running on a Raspberry Pi that you've received as a gift.  Here's the situation:

You have a new account on a machine that you want to SSH into easily.  So, you want to quickly and easily transfer over one or more of your SSH public keys to make it easier to log in automatically, and maybe make running Ansible a bit faster.  Now, you could do it manually (which I did for many, many years) but you'll probably mess it up at least once if you're anything like me.  Or, you could use the ssh-copy-id utility (which comes for free with SSH) to do it for you.  Assuming that you already have SSH authentication keys this is all you have to do:

[drwho@windbringer ~]$ ssh-copy-id -i .ssh/id_ecdsa.pub pi@jukebox
/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: Source of key(s) to be installed: ".ssh/id_ecdsa.pub"
/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: attempting to log in with the new key(s), to filter out
    any that are already installed
/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: 1 key(s) remain to be installed -- if you are prompted now
    it is to install the new keys

pi@jukebox's password: 

Number of key(s) added: 1

Now try logging into the machine, with:   "ssh 'pi@jukebox'"
and check to make sure that only the key(s) you wanted were added.

Now let's try to log into the new machine:

[drwho@windbringer ~]$ ssh pi@jukebox
Linux jukebox 4.9.70-v7+ #1068 SMP Mon Dec 18 22:12:55 GMT 2017 armv7l

The programs included with the Debian GNU/Linux system are free software;

# I didn't have to enter a password because my SSH pubkey authenticated me
# automatically.
pi@jukebox:~ $ cat .ssh/authorized_keys
ecdsa-sha2-nistp521 AAAAE....

You can run this command again and again with a different pubkey, and it'll append it to the appropriate file on the other machine (~/.ssh/authorized_keys).  And there you have it; your SSH pubkey has been installed all in one go.  I wish I'd known about this particular trick... fifteen years ago?