Keybase, font sizes, and screen resolution.

Aug 12 2017

Some time ago I wrote an article about what Keybase is and what it's good for.  I also mentioned one of my pet peeves, which is that, by default the fonts used by the Keybase desktop client are way, way too small to see easily on Windbringer.  A couple of days ago somebody finally figured out how to blow up the fonts on the desktop, so I can finally see what's going on without putting my nose on the display (and making the mouse cursor jump around because Windbringer has a touchscreen).  While I wish that this would be a configuration option in the GUI (or, hell, even a config file) I'll take what I can get.  First, some background so everything makes sense...

Restarting a Screen session without manual intervention.

Jun 11 2017

EDIT - 20171011 - Added a bit about getting real login shells inside of this Screen session, which fixes a remarkable number of bugs.  Also cleaned up formatting a bit.

To keep the complexity of parts of my exocortex down I've opted to not separate everything into larger chunks using popular technologies these days, such as Linux containers (though I did Dockerize the XMPP bridge as an experiment) because there are already quite a few moving parts, and increasing complexity does not make for a more secure or stable system.  However, this brings up a valid and important question, which is "How do you restart everything if you have to reboot a server for some reason?"

A valid question indeed.  Servers need to be rebooted periodically to apply patches, upgrade kernels, and generally to blow the cruft out of the memory field.  Traditionally, there are all sorts of hoops and gymnastics one can go through with traditional initscripts but for home-grown and third party stuff it's difficult to run things from initscripts in such a way that they don't have elevated privileges for security reasons.  The hands-on way of doing it is to run a GNU Screen session when you log in and start everything up (or reconnect to one if it's already running).  This process, also, can be automated to run when a system reboots.  Here's how:

Spending quality time with the Pi-Top.

Apr 30 2017

A couple of months ago for my Lesser Feast I decided to treat myself to a toy that I've had my eye on for a couple of months: A Pi-Top laptop kit.  My fascination with the Raspberry Pi aside (which includes, to be honest, being able to run a rack full of servers in my office without needing to install a 40U rack and a new 220 power feed), it strikes me as being a very useful thing to have under one's desk as a backup deck or possibly a general purpose software development computer.  Most laptops have one unique motherboard per model and if you want to upgrade (or need to replace it) you're pretty much limited to buying a brand-new laptop.  To upgrade a Pi-Top you just need to buy a new RaspberryPi, slide a panel aside, and swap a few cables, a system design that I think could be useful indeed.  It also has remarkably few components; the screws and fasteners aside, the PiTop is composed of only a few modules: A base with a battery, a keyboard and touchpad panel, a lid with display, a black lexan access panel, a hub circuit board that ties everything together, and a RasPi.  You can get a couple of modules to go with it, such as a prototype board for electrical engineering experiments and modular speakers, all of which attach to a sliding rail and plug into a unique pinset on the hub.  I'm not an electrical engineer by any means but I have built many a kit over the years, and from eyeballing it it looked like a fairly simple build.  I didn't document the build with photographs or anything because I didn't think to do so at the time.  Sorry.

Gargantuan file servers and tiny operating systems.

Apr 29 2017

We seem to have reached a unique point in history: Available to your average home user are gargantuan amounts of disk space (8 terabyte hard drives are a thing, and the prices are rapidly coming down to widespread affordability) and enough processing power is available for the palm of your hand that makes the computational power that put the human race on the moon compare in the same was that a grain of sand does to a beach.  For most people, it's the latest phone upgrade or more space for your media box.  For others, though, it poses an unusual challenge: How to make the best use of the hardware without wasting it needlessly.  By this, I mean how one might build a server that doesn't result in wasted hard drive space, wasted SATA ports on the mainboard, or having enough room to put all of that lovely (and by "lovely" I really mean "utterly disorganized") data that accumulates without even trying.  I mentioned last year that I rebuilt Leandra (specs in here) so I could work on some machine learning and search engine projects.  What I didn't mention was that I had some design constraints that I had to follow so that I could get the most out of her.

To get the best use possible out of all of those hard drives I had to figure out how to structure the RAID, where to put the guts of the Arch Linux install, and most importantly figure out how to set everything up so that if Leandra did blow a hard drive the entire system wouldn't be hosed.  If I partitioned all of the drives as described here and used one as the /boot and / partitions, and RAIDed the rest, if the first drive blew I'd be out an entire operating system.  Also, gauging the size of the / partition can be tricky; I like to keep my system installs as small as possible and add only packages that I absolutely need (and ruthlessly purge the ones that I don't use anymore).  20 gigs is way too big (currently, Leandra's OS install is 2.9 gigabytes after nearly a year of experimenting with this and that) but it would leave room to grow.

Decisions, decisions.

So, what did I finally decide on?

Guerilla archival using wget.

Feb 10 2017

Let's say that you want to mirror a website chock full of data before it gets 451'd - say it's epadatadump.com.  You've got a boatload of disk space free on your Linux box (maybe a terabyte or so) and a relatively stable network connection.  How do you do it?

wget.  You use wget.  Here's how you do it:

[user@guerilla-archival:(9) ~]$ wget --mirror --continue \
    -e robots=off --wait 30 --random-wait http://epadatadump.com/

Let's break this down:

  • wget - Self explanatory.
  • --mirror - Mirror the site.
  • --continue - If you have to re-run the command, pick up where you left off (including the exact location in a file).
  • -e robots=off - Ignore robots.txt because it will be in your way otherwise.  Many archive owners use this file to prevent web crawlers (and wget) from riffling through their data.  Assuming this is sufficiently important, this is what you want to use.
  • --wait 30 - Wait 30 seconds between downloads.
  • --random-wait - Actually wait for 0.5 * (value of --wait) to 1.5 * (value of --wait) seconds in between requests to evade rate limiters.
  • http://epadatadump.com/ - The URL of the website or archive you're copying.

If the archive you're copying requires a username and password to get in, you'll want to add the --user=<your username> and --password=<your password> to the above command line.

Happy mirroring.  Make sure you have enough disk space.

Autostarting Kodi on an Arch Linux media box.

Jan 20 2017

Not too long ago, when the USB key I'd built a set-top media machine died from overuse I decided to rebuild it using Arch Linux with Kodi as the media player.  The trick, I keep finding every time, lies in getting Kodi to start up whenever the machine starts up.  I think I've re-figured that out six or seven times by now, and each time after it works I forget all about it.  So, I guess I'd better write it down for once so that I've got a snapshot of what I did in case I need to do it again later.

The instructions in the Arch Linux wiki work, but you need to pick the right ones to follow.  The short-and-sweet ones with the automagickal AUR package don't work.  Forget it.

Install LightDM from the Arch package repository (sudo pacman -S lightdm).  Then install the instructions I linked to above to the letter.  That means carrying out the following tasks:

Create the file /etc/X11/Xwrapper.config.  The file should contain only the following text in bold (no double quotes): "needs_root_rights = yes"

Follow the LightDM "Enabling autologin" and "Enabling interactive passwordless login" instructions.  Create a user named "kodiuser" (you don't need to set a password" and give it access to system groups necessary to access resouces in the system.  I used the following command to do this: sudo useradd -c "Kodi Service Account" -G dbus,network,video,audio,optical,storage,users -m kodiuser

Create two additional groups which LightDM needs to enable autologin:

  • sudo groupadd -r autologin
  • sudo groupadd -r nopasswdlogin

Add kodiuser to those groups:

  • sudo gpasswd -a kodiuser autologin
  • sudo gpasswd -a kodiuser nopasswdlogin